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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dspace.utalca.cl/handle/1950/1549

Title: Proximate composition and free radical scavenging activity of edible fruits from the Argentinian Yungas
Authors: Schmeda-Hirschmann, G.
Feresin, G.
Tapia, A.
Hilgert, N.
Theoduloz, C.
Keywords: argentinian yungas
proximate composition
free radical scavenging activity
Myrtaceae
Solanaceae
Rubus
Trichocereus
Gunnera
Issue Date: Jun-2005
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Citation: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 85 (8): 1357-1364
Abstract: The proximate composition and free radical scavenging effect of native food plants gathered in the Argentinian Yungas have been assessed. Some 25 samples were collected for proximate analysis and free radical scavenging effect of their MeOH-soluble extracts. Total acidity, phenolics and solid content of 16 preserves prepared from native fruits have been determined. The samples belong to 13 different species corresponding to eight plant families, mainly Myrtaceae, Solanaceae and Ulmaceae. The highest organic acid contents (as citric acid) were found in the preserves of Psidium guineense and Cyphomandra betaceae with the lowest in Sideroxylon obtusifolium and Myrciantes pungens. Total phenolics in the preserves ranged from 0.34 g kg(-1) DM in Rhipsalis flocosa to 7.30 g kg(-1) DM in Celtis iguanae. The MeOH-solubles of the fruits/petioles as well as the preserves were assessed for inhibition of the enzyme xanthine oxidase (XO), decoloration of the free radical 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) and scavenging of the superoxide anion. The highest effect of the solubles towards the DPPH assay was observed for M pungens and Rubus imperialis before processing. None of the samples was effective as a XO inhibitor or superoxide anion scavenger. The best protein sources in our study were the fruits of Carica quercifolia, Celtis iguanae and Sambucus nigra. (c) 2005 Society of Chemical Industry.
Description: Schmeda-Hirschmann, G.(reprint author). Universidad de Talca, Instituto de Química de Recursos Naturales, Laboratorio de Química de Productos Naturales, Casilla 747, Talca, Chile.
Theoduloz, C. Universidad de Talca, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Departamento de Ciencias Biomédicas, Casilla 747, Talca, Chile.
URI: http://dspace.utalca.cl/handle/1950/1549
ISSN: 0022-5142
Appears in Collections:Artículos en publicaciones ISI - Universidad de Talca

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