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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dspace.utalca.cl/handle/1950/3352

Title: Oxidation of wine phenolics: A critical evaluation and hypotheses
Authors: Waterhouse, A.L.
Laurie, V.F.
Keywords: wine; phenolic; oxidation; oxygen
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: American Society for Enology and Viticulture
Citation: American Journal of Enology and Viticulture 57(3): 306-313
Abstract: Oxidation reactions involving phenolics might change the chemical and sensory profile of wines. While oxidation is a long-standing problem in winemaking, a definitive understanding of its chemical mechanisms is lacking, and such an understanding could allow us to better predict and control wine aging. We briefly summarize and discuss the current knowledge on the chemistry of wine phenolic oxidation and propose, along with other researchers, a new, comprehensive scheme in which the Fenton reaction and hydroxyl radicals have an essential role. This hypothesis suggests that catalytic iron converts wine's hydrogen peroxide into hydroxyl radical. This leads to a much stronger and less selective oxidant that could react with almost all wine components, in proportion to their concentration and with little selectivity for antioxidant properties. This reaction could produce many electrophilic oxidation products, mainly aldehydes and ketones, that could further modify the chemical composition and sensory perception of wine. While the brevity of this report precludes a full review of oxidation, our aim is to stimulate more study and debate on the mechanisms in wine oxidation chemistry.
Description: Laurie, V. F.Centro Tecnologico de la Vid y el Vino,Facultad de Recursos Naturales,Universidad de Talca,Talca,Chile.
URI: http://dspace.utalca.cl/handle/1950/3352
ISSN: 0002-9254
Appears in Collections:Artículos en publicaciones ISI - Universidad de Talca

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