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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dspace.utalca.cl/handle/1950/3354

Title: Ripening of mountain papaya (Vasconcellea pubescens) and ethylene dependence of some ripening events
Authors: Moya-Leon, M.A.
Moya, M.
Herrera, R.
Keywords: ACC oxidase; Carica pubescens; ethylene; ethylene-perception
Issue Date: Nov-2004
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Postharvest Biology and Technology 34 (2): 211-218
Abstract: The first noticeable event during the ripening of mountain papaya (Vasconcellea pubescens) is the rapid degreening of the skin, followed by climacteric ethylene and flesh softening. When ethylene perception is blocked by 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP, 0.3 mul 1(-1) for 16 h at 20degreesC), the increase in ethylene evolution is avoided, and softening and color development are partially delayed. This indicates that ethylene perception is an absolute requirement for ethylene production during ripening and that softening and color development are only partially dependent on ethylene. Our data also suggest that the changes in pH, titratable acidity, and soluble solids are not dependent on ethylene. Mountain papaya fruit displayed the typical climacteric rise in ethylene production, reaching maximum values of 1.8-3.2 mumol kg(-1) h(-1), and so confirmed the climacteric nature of the fruit. The activity of ACC oxidase paralleled changes in ethylene production. Nevertheless, when 1-MCP treated fruit recover ethylene sensitivity, a big increase in ACC oxidase activity is observed followed by a further increase, but at a reduced level, of ethylene; the reduced ACC content suggests that in these fruit the availability of ACC is limiting ethylene biosynthesis. Finally, our results indicate that treatment of mountain papaya with 1-MCP delays the onset of the climacteric phase, and therefore can be used commercially to extend effectively the short shelf life of this fruit.
Description: Moya-Leon,M.A.;Moya,M.;Herrera,R. Laboratorio de Fisiologıa Vegetal,Instituto deBiología Vegetal y Biotecnología,Universidad de Talca, Casilla 747,Talca,Chile.
URI: http://dspace.utalca.cl/handle/1950/3354
ISSN: 0925-5214
Appears in Collections:Artículos en publicaciones ISI - Universidad de Talca

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