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|Title: ||Gastroprotective and ulcer healing effect of ferruginol in mice and rats: Assessment of its mechanism of action using in vitro models|
|Authors: ||Rodriguez, J.|
|Keywords: ||Gastroprotective; Diterpene; Ferruginol; AGS cells; Cytotoxicity|
|Issue Date: ||2006 |
|Publisher: ||Elsevier Inc.|
|Citation: ||Life Sciences 78 (21): 2503-2509|
|Abstract: ||The gastroprotective activity of the diterpene ferruginol isolated from Prumnopitys andina wood and bark was determined on HCl/EtOH-induced gastric lesions in mice. The effect of the compound on the healing of subacute gastric lesions in rats was also studied. The mode of action of the diterpene was assessed using human gastric epithelial cells (AGS) and MRC-5 fibroblasts. The effect of ferruginol on the prostaglandin E2 content, protection against sodium taurocholate induced-damage and reduced glutathione content was evaluated on AGS cells as well as on the growth of AGS and fibroblast cultures. The free radical scavenging effect of ferruginol was assessed by the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazil radical and superoxide anion assays. The effect of ferruginol on human erythrocyte membrane lipoperoxidation was determined. The cytotoxicity of the compound was assessed by means of the neutral red uptake.
At 25 mg/kg, ferruginol inhibited the appearance of gastric lesions by 60% showing similar effects than lansoprazole at 20 mg/kg. Additionally, the compound displayed a significant ulcer healing activity in rats at 25 and 50 mg/kg with curative ratios of 36.0% and 92.5%, respectively, while the reference compound ranitidine at 50 mg/kg showed a curative ratio of 79.6%. At 6 and 12 μM, ferruginol increased significantly the prostaglandin E2 content. A strong inhibition of lipoperoxidation was found (IC50: 1.4 μM), but no effect was observed on the sodium taurocholate induced-damage or reduced glutathione content. Ferruginol stimulated cell proliferation at 1–2 μM in AGS cells and at 4–8 μM in fibroblasts, with cytotoxicities (IC50) of 24 and 26 μM, respectively. Our results support that ferruginol acts as gastroprotective increasing the PGs content, protecting the cells against lipid peroxidation and improving the gastric ulcer healing by a stimulating effect on the cell proliferation. These findings encourage further pharmacological studies of ferruginol as a potential new anti-ulcerogenic drug.|
|Description: ||Rodriguez J.; Theoduloz, C.; Yanez, T. Departamento de Ciencias Básicas Biomédicas, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Talca.
Schmeda-Hirschmann, G. Laboratorio de Química de Productos Naturales Instituto de Química de Recursos Naturales, Universidad de Talca, Casilla Talca, 747, Chile.|
|Appears in Collections:||Artículos en publicaciones ISI - Universidad de Talca|
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