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|Title: ||Gastroprotective and cytotoxic effect of dehydroabietic acid derivatives|
|Authors: ||Sepulveda, B.|
|Keywords: ||Dehydroabietic acid derivatives; Gastroprotective activity; Diterpenes; Cytotoxicity|
|Issue Date: ||2005 |
|Publisher: ||Elsevier Ltd.|
|Citation: ||Pharmacological Research 52 (5): 429-437|
|Abstract: ||Dehydroabietic acid derivatives have been reported to display antisecretory and antipepsin effect in animal models. Some 19 dehydroabietic acid diterpenes were prepared and assessed for gastroprotective activity in the HCl/EtOH-induced gastric lesions in mice as well as for cytotoxicity in human lung fibroblasts (MRC-5) and human epithelial gastric (AGS) cells. At a single oral dose of 100 mg kg−1, highest gastroprotective effect was provided by dehydroabietanol, its corresponding aldehyde, dehydroabietic acid (DHA) and its methyl ester, N-(m-nitrophenyl)-, N-(o-chlorophenyl)- and N-(p-iodophenyl)abieta-8,11,13-trien-18-amide (compounds 12–14), N-2-aminothiazolyl- and N-benzylabieta-8,11,13-trien-18-amide (compounds 18–19) being as active as lansoprazole at 20 mg kg−1 and reducing the lesion index by at least 75%. In the compound series including the alcohol, ester, aldehyde, acid and methyl ester at C-18 (compounds 1–9), highest activity was related with the presence of an alcohol, aldehyde, acid or methyl ester at C-18, the activity being strongly reduced after esterification. The cytotoxicity of the compounds 1–9 towards AGS cells and fibroblasts was higher than the values for the amides 10–19. In the compounds 10–19, the best gastroprotective effect was observed for the aromatic amides 12–14 (75–85% inhibition of gastric lesions) bearing a nitro or halogen function in the N-benzoyl moiety. Lowest cytotoxicity was found for the amides, with IC50 values >1000 μM for fibroblasts and from 200 up to >1000 μM for AGS cells, respectively. The N-2-aminothiazolyl- and N-benzylamide derivatives were also very active as gastroprotectors with higher cytotoxicity against AGS cells.|
|Description: ||Schmeda-Hirschmann, G.; Astudillo L.; Sepulveda, B. Instituto de Química de Recursos Naturales, Universidad de Talca, Casilla Talca, 747, Chile.
Rodriguez, J.;Yanez, T.; Theoduloz, C. Depto. de Ciencias Básicas Biomédicas, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Talca, Talca, Chile|
|Appears in Collections:||Artículos en publicaciones ISI - Universidad de Talca|
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