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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dspace.utalca.cl/handle/1950/4162

Title: Host plant changes produced by the aphid Sipha flava: consequences for aphid feeding behaviour and growth
Authors: Gonzales, W.L.
Ramirez, C.C.
Olea, N.
Niemeyer, H.M.
Keywords: Sipha flava; Sorghum halepense; anthocyanin; chloroplasts; aphid probing behaviour; plant susceptibility
Issue Date: 2002
Publisher: Blackwell Synergy
Citation: Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 103 (2): 107–113
Abstract: Induced plant responses may affect the behaviour and growth of the attacking herbivore insect. The aphid Sipha flava (Forbes) produces reddish spots on the infested leaf of its host plant Sorghum halepense (L.). In order to assess the consequences on the aphid of this presumptive induced plant response, we studied the feeding behaviour and growth of S. flava on previously infested and non-infested leaves of S. halepense. Considering that the reddish pigment could play a defensive role, its effect on aphid survival was determined in artificial diets. In addition, changes in the histology of the leaf and the chemical nature of the induced pigment were also studied. Aphids devoted a significantly shorter total time to non-penetration activities in infested than in non-infested leaves. Time before the first phloem ingestion tended to be shorter in infested leaves. The mean relative growth rate of S. flava nymphs was significantly higher on infested than on non-infested leaves. Survival of aphids on diet containing the reddish extract was not significantly different from that on the control diet. Infestation of S. halepense by S. flava produced a reddish coloration in the leaf, which was identified as an anthocyanin by UV-visible spectrometry. Light microscopy showed that only mesophyll cells of previously infested plants presented swelled, dispersed, and heterogeneously stained chloroplasts with a higher accumulation of starch granules, no grana arranged in stacks, and reduction in the amount of inner membranes (thylakoids), relatively to chloroplasts of non-infested leaves. Scanning electron micrographs of leaf surface revealed reduced presence of crystalline epicuticular waxes of epidermal cells in infested leaves as compared to non-infested ones. The main conclusion is that the attack of S. flava to S. halepense leaves induced plant susceptibility where aphid feeding behaviour and growth were both enhanced on previously infested leaves.
Description: Ramirez, C.C. Instituto de Biología Vegetal y Biotecnología, Universidad de Talca, Casilla 747, Talca, Chile.
URI: http://dspace.utalca.cl/handle/1950/4162
ISSN: 0013-8703
Appears in Collections:Artículos en publicaciones ISI - Universidad de Talca

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