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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dspace.utalca.cl/handle/1950/4188

Title: Pseudoreplication and its frequency in olfactometric laboratory studies
Authors: Ramirez, C.C.
Fuentes-Contreras, E.
Rodriguez, L.C.
Niemeyer, H.M.
Keywords: Pseudoreplication; experimental design; olfactometer; wind tunnel; semiochemical; statistical independence
Issue Date: 2000
Publisher: Springer-Verlag Berlin
Citation: Journal of Chemical Ecology 26 (6): 1423-1431
Abstract: The evaluation of behavioral responses of an organism to a particular stimulus normally implies the design of a bioassay. Measurements of the response in a number of replicates are necessary to perform inferential statistics and therefore accept or reject a hypothesis about the effect of the stimulus on the behavior of the organism under study. In the present article, we address the importance of pseudoreplication in studies of chemical ecology, particularly in laboratory experiments on olfactory responses of insects to semiochemicals in olfactometers and wind tunnels. Pseudoreplication may be caused by lack of independence in the stimulus or the experimental device, the reutilization of test insects, or the use of groups of test insects, without adequate statistical analysis addressing such dependency. Each and all of the cases reviewed (N = 105) lacked information in at least one of the factors listed above; hence no cases could be said with certainty to be free of pseudoreplication. Forty-nine cases (46.7%) contained explicit information revealing that pseudoreplication existed in terms of one or more of the criteria listed above; in only three of these cases did the authors address statistically the stated dependence of the samples. Pseudoreplication due to different factors ranged from 2% to 30% of the cases, with an average of 13%. The most frequent sources of pseudoreplication were the reuse of the device and the use of groups of test insects. The analysis showed the low importance given to obtaining independent replicates in bioassays involving olfactometric responses of insects to semiochemicals
Description: Fuentes-Contreras E. Departamento de Producción Agrí cola, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad de Talca, Casilla 747, Talca, Chile.
URI: http://dspace.utalca.cl/handle/1950/4188
ISSN: 0098-0331
Appears in Collections:Artículos en publicaciones ISI - Universidad de Talca

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