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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dspace.utalca.cl/handle/1950/4312

Title: Antimicrobial Butyrolactone I Derivatives from the Ecuadorian Soil Fungus Aspergillus terreus Thorn. var terreus
Authors: Cazar, M.E.
Schmeda-Hirschmann, G.
Astudillo, L.
Keywords: antimicrobial activity; Aspergillus terreus var. terreus; butyrolactone I derivatives; lovastatin; terreic acid
Issue Date: 2005
Publisher: Springer
Citation: World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 21(6-7): 1067-1075
Abstract: The fungus Aspergillus terreus Thorn var. terreus isolated from an Ecuador soil sample was cultured in liquid and solid media and yielded three main metabolites identified as terreic acid (1), butyrolactone I (2) and lovastatin (3). The natural products as well as three synthetic butyrolactone I derivatives were assessed for antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and fungi as well as for seed germination and seedling growth. Furthermore, the compounds were assessed as inhibitors towards the enzymes acetylcholinesterase, β-glucosidase, and β-glucuronidase. Terreic acid, butyrolactone I, butyrolactone 4′,4′′-diacetate (2.1), and 3′-(3-methylbutyl)-butyrolactone II (2.2) were active towards the phytopathogenic bacteria Erwinia carotovora with IC50 of 5 and 4–18 μg/ml, respectively. Under the same experimental conditions, the IC50 of streptomycin was 1.9 μg/ml. 3′-(3-Methylbutyl)-butyrolactone II was moderately active against Pseudomonas syringae and Botrytis cinerea with IC50 of 21μg/ml and MIC of 15.6 μg/ml, respectively. Butyrolactone I also inhibited germination of the dicot Lactuca sativa with an IC50 of 5 × 10−5 M. The IC50 of reference herbicide acetochlor was 1 × 10−5 M. The effect of 2.2 and 2.3, known as butyrolactone III on Panicum millaceum germination and growth was stronger than that of 2 and 2.1. Reduction of the double bond in the isoprenyl side chain of butyrolactone I increased the antibacterial effect against E. carotovora as well as acetylation. To our best knowledge, this is the first report on the antibacterial effect of butyrolactone derivatives towards Erwinia carotovora and the phytopathogenic fungus Botrytis cinerea. The butyrolactone I derivative 2.2 presented a moderate inhibitory effect against the enzyme acetylcholinesterase with an IC50 of 47 μg/ml. Under the same experimental conditions, the reference inhibitor galanthamine had an IC50 of 3 μg/ml.
Description: Schmeda-Hirschmann, G.; Astudillo L. Instituto de Química de Recursos Naturales, Universidad de Talca, Casilla Talca, 747, Chile.
URI: http://dspace.utalca.cl/handle/1950/4312
ISSN: 0959-3993
Appears in Collections:Artículos en publicaciones ISI - Universidad de Talca

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