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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dspace.utalca.cl/handle/1950/4529

Title: Acceptance and suitability of Acyrthosiphon pisum and Sitobion avenae as hosts of the aphid parasitoid Aphidius ervi (Hymenoptera : Braconidae)
Authors: Daza-Bustamante, P.
Fuentes-Contreras, E.
Niemeyer, H.M.
Keywords: Aphidius ervi, Sitobion avenae, Acyrthosiphon pisum, performance, host acceptance, host quality
Issue Date: 2003
Publisher: Institute of Entomology
Citation: European Journal of Entomology 101(1): 49-53
Abstract: Aphidius ervi Haliday is a parasitoid of natural populations of both Acyrthosiphon pisum (Harris) on alfalfa and Sitobion avenae (Fabricius) on wheat in Chile. In this study the performance of the aphid parasitoid on both host species was evaluated. Regardless of origin, both females and males of A. ervi were significantly smaller when reared on S. avenae than on A. pisum. Males and females of A. ervi reared on S. avenae on wheat also took significantly longer to develop than when reared on A. pisum. There was no significant difference in the sex ratio of the parasitoid when reared on these two host aphids. Survival of parasitoids from the A. pisum - alfalfa system was significantly lower when reared on S. avenae relative to those reared on A. pisum, but no significant difference in survival on both hosts was detected in parasitoids from the S. avenae - wheat system. Behaviour of parasitoid females during oviposition, such as frequency of encounters, number of attacks and stabbings of host aphids, were significantly higher in the A. pisum – A. ervi interaction than in the S. avenae – A. ervi interaction, regardless of the origin of the parasitoid. Aphid defensive reactions such as kicking or production of cornicle secretion, were significantly higher in the A. pisum – A. ervi than the S. avenae – A. ervi interaction. The results are discussed in relation to the effect of host quality and host aphid body size on parasitoid development.
Description: Departamento de Producción Agrıcola, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad de Talca, Casilla 747, Talca, Chile.
Free access http://www.eje.cz/pdfarticles/176/eje_100_1_049_DazaBustam.pdf
URI: http://dspace.utalca.cl/handle/1950/4529
ISSN: 1210-5759
Appears in Collections:Artículos en publicaciones ISI - Universidad de Talca

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