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|Title: ||A long-term study of a small-mammal assemblage in the central chilean matorral|
|Authors: ||Iriarte, J.A.|
|Keywords: ||Chile ; Marsupialia ; Rodentia ; Lagomorpha ; Ecological abundance ; Population density ; Species diversity ; Seasonal variation ; South America ; America ; Mammalia ; Vertebrata ;|
|Issue Date: ||1989 |
|Publisher: ||Brigham Young University, Department of Zoology|
|Citation: ||Journal of mammalogy 1989, vol. 70, no1, pp. 79-87 (20 ref.)|
|Abstract: ||We livetrapped small mammals for 18 months with Sherman traps, and for 13 (simultaneous) months with Tomahawk traps, in a central Chilean matorral (chaparral-like shrubland) locality near Santiago. Eight species (the marsupial Marmosa elegans, the lagomorph Oryctolagus cuniculus, the cricetids Akodon longipilis, Akodon olivaceus, Oryzomys longicaudatus, and Phyllotis darwini, and the caviomorphs Octodon degus and Abrocoma bennetti) were captured, with total mean densities of 57.9 and 12.4 individuals per ha in the Sherman and Tomahawk grids, respectively. Tomahawk traps provided the same estimates of density for the two largest rodents, but did not capture small species or adult rabbits. Weights of adult individuals of four species were 20-30% smaller than those reported previously. Octodon and Oryctolagus used shrub cover as available; Abrocoma avoided dense patches, whereas the remaining five species avoided sparse patches. Six mammal species were associated with the six principal shrub species in proportion to their availability, but A. longipilis and Octodon both associated with Colliguaya odorifera more frequently than expected, while apparently avoiding two other shrubs. Stopwatch-timed captures allowed categorization of one small mammal as diurnal and diurnal-crepuscular, two as nocturnal, four as nocturnal and nocturnal-crepuscular; one species was active all day, except at dawn. Comparisons with similar assemblage studies conducted in neighboring matorral areas demonstrate marked differences in population densities of particular mammal species, apparently related to levels of habitat disturbance and associated reductions of shrub cover.|
|Appears in Collections:||Artículos en publicaciones ISI - Universidad de Talca|
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