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|Dissection of the components for PIP2 activation and thermosensation in TRP channels
|chimera; temperature activation; C-terminal domain;molecular model
|The National Academy of Sciences of the USA
|Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104 (24):10246-10251
|Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) plays a central role in the activation of several transient receptor potential (TRP) channels. The role of PIP2 on temperature gating of thermoTRP channels has not been explored in detail, and the process of temperature activation is largely unexplained. In this work, we have exchanged different segments of the C-terminal region between cold-sensitive (TRPM8) and heat-sensitive (TRPV1) channels, trying to understand the role of the segment in PIP2 and temperature activation. A chimera in which the proximal part of the C-terminal of TRPV1 replaces an equivalent section of TRPM8 C-terminal is activated by PIP2 and confers the phenotype of heat activation. PIP2, but not temperature sensitivity, disappears when positively charged residues contained in the exchanged region are neutralized. Shortening the exchanged segment to a length of 11 aa produces voltage-dependent and temperature-insensitive channels. Our findings suggest the existence of different activation domains for temperature, PIP2, and voltage. We provide an interpretation for channel–PIP2 interaction using a full-atom molecular model of TRPV1 and PIP2 docking analysis.
|Gonzalez-Nilo, F. Centro de Bioinformatica y Simulacion Molecular Simulation Center, Universidad de Talca, Talca 346-0000, Chile.
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|Artículos en publicaciones ISI - Universidad de Talca
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