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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dspace.utalca.cl/handle/1950/4777

Title: Isolation of periodontal bacteria from blood samples and atheromas in patients with atherosclerosis and periodontitis
Other Titles: Aislamiento de bacterias periodontopáticas desde hemocultivos y ateromas obtenidos de pacientes con aterosclerosis y periodontitis
Authors: Padilla, C.
Lobos, O.
Jure, G.
Descouvieres, C.
Hasbun, S.
Matus, S.
Keywords: Atherosclerosis; Bacteremia; Periodontitis; Subgingival curettage
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Sociedad Medica de Santiago, Chile
Citation: Revista Medica de Chile 135 (9):1118 -1124
Abstract: Background: Periodontitis is a common oral disease produced by bacterial species that reside in the subgingival plaque. These microorganisms have been associated to atherosclerosis and it is suggested that periodontitis is a cardiovascular risk factor. Aim: To isolate periodontal bacteria from blood and atheroma samples, from patients with atherosclerosis and periodontitis. Material and methods: Twelve patients with periodontitis and a clinical diagnosis of atherosclerosis and 12 patients with periodontitis but without atherosclerosis were studied. Blood samples were obtained immediately before and after scaling and root planing. The samples were incubated in aerobic and anaerobic conditions. One week after scaling, atheromatous plaques were obtained during endarterectomy in the 12 patients with atherosclerosis. These were homogenized and cultured for aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. Microorganisms were identified by means ofPCR. Results: Five patients with and two without atherosclerosis, had bacteremia after scaling and root planing. Bacterial species isolated from blood samples were the same found in periodontic pockets. Four atheromatous plaques of patients with bacteremia yielded positive cultures. The isolated bacteria were the same found in blood samples and periodontal pockets. Conclusions: Bacteremia occurred in seven of 24 patients after scaling and root planing. In four patients, the same species found in periodontic pockets and blood cultures were detected in atherosclerotic plaques obtained one week after the dental procedure.
Description: Carlos Padilla E. Laboratorio de Investigación Microbiológica, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Talca. Talca. Chile. Fono: 71-200492. Fax: 71-200439. E mail: cpadilla@utalca.cl.
URI: http://dspace.utalca.cl/handle/1950/4777
ISSN: 0034-9887
Appears in Collections:Artículos en publicaciones ISI - Universidad de Talca

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