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|Title: ||Relationship between Apolipoprotein E polymorphism and nephropathy in type-2 diabetic patients|
|Authors: ||Leiva, E.|
|Keywords: ||Apolipoprotein E; Nephropathy; Type-2 diabetes mellitus|
|Issue Date: ||2007 |
|Publisher: ||Elsevier Ireland Ltd.|
|Citation: ||Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 78(2): 196-201|
|Abstract: ||Twenty to forty percent of type-2 diabetic patients (DM2) present nephropathy. Genetic polymorphism of Apolipoprotein E (Apo E) has been proposed as a risk factor in the development and progression of diabetic nephropathy. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the relationship between Apo E polymorphism and presence of nephropathy in DM2 patients.
We studied 85 DM2 patients with a similar nutritional state, environmental and socioeconomic condition and more than 10 years of evolution. They were grouped in DM2 patients with kidney complications (n = 56) and without kidney complications (n = 29; control group). Apo E genotype was determined by restriction fragment-length polymorphism analysis. A plasmatic biochemical characterization was performed on all the subjects studied.
The 85 DM2 patients had arterial hypertension in treatment. The nephropathy diabetic group showed differences (p < 0.001) in BMI, systolic blood pressure, glycemia, cholesterol (total, HDL and LDL), HbA1c and creatinine. The e4 allelic frequency was 8% in the nephropathy group versus 25.9% in the control group. Apo e3 allele and E3/3 genotype frequency were higher and E3/4 genotype was lower in the nephropathy group than in controls. These groups also showed differences in total, HDL and LDL cholesterol.
DM2 patients without nephropathy presented a higher frequency of e4 allele. These results could suggest a protective role of e4 allele in the development and progression of diabetic nephropathy.|
|Description: ||Elba Leiva y Roxana Orrego. Laboratorio de Bioquímica Clínica, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Talca, Talca, Chile.|
|Appears in Collections:||Artículos en publicaciones ISI - Universidad de Talca|
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