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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dspace.utalca.cl/handle/1950/8789

Title: Boldo (Peumus boldus) cultivated under different light conditions, soil humidity and plantation density
Authors: Vogel, H.
Gonzalez, B.
Razmilic, I.
Keywords: Alkaloid content
Domestication
Essential oil content
Leaf yield
Water stress
Issue Date: Sep-2011
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, PO BOX 211
Citation: INDUSTRIAL CROPS AND PRODUCTS Volume: 34 Issue: 2 Special Issue: SI Pages: 1310-1312
Abstract: Boldo (Peumus boldus Mol.) is a medicinal plant native to the central zone of Chile and part of the sclerophyll forest. More than 2000 tons of dried leaves exported annually are wild collected. To develop a cultivation system that supports sustainable production of boldo leaves, we have studied growth and harvest of boldo under different light and soil water conditions. The leaf yield per plant as well as the alkaloid and essential oil content were the same for plants grown under shade and for plants exposed to full sun. The only difference between the shaded and the full sun plants was a higher percentage of stem in the harvested product of shade grown plants. This result would permit the intercropping of boldo in forest plantations without affecting the leaf yield and medicinal quality. The excellent adaptation to dry conditions was confirmed, as the different treatments of soil water led to similar leaf yields and plant heights. Plants submitted to water stress produced fewer but longer shoots and contained less essential oil. None of the treatments except water stress affected the medicinal quality requirements of alkaloid or essential oil concentration in the leaves. Wild collected leaves are inexpensive because of low production costs. To be able to compete with wild supplied leaves in the international market, we have evaluated high density plantings as a way to lower costs of a cultivated product by mechanizing harvest. High planting densities led to loweryielding individuals, but leaf yield per area increased. Plant height and the percentage of leaves in the harvested product was the same for densities of 8- and 16 plants m(-2). The leaves produced by cultivated boldo generally fulfill the requirements described in the European Pharmacopoeia. We conclude that boldo can be successfully cultivated under the described cultivation conditions. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Description: Vogel, H (reprint author), Univ Talca, Fac Ciencias Agr, Casilla 747, Talca, Chile.
URI: http://dspace.utalca.cl/handle/1950/8789
ISSN: 0926-6690
Appears in Collections:Artículos en publicaciones ISI - Universidad de Talca

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