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|Title: ||Reduction of apple tree height (Malus domestica Borkh) cv. Ultra Red Gala/MM111 does not decrease fruit yield and quality|
|Authors: ||Yuri, J.A.|
del Pozo, A.
|Issue Date: ||Aug-2011 |
|Publisher: ||ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, PO BOX 211|
|Citation: ||SCIENTIA HORTICULTURAE Volume: 130 Issue: 1 Pages: 191-196 DOI: 10.1016/j.scienta.2011.06.036|
|Abstract: ||In Chile, like in other countries, a high percentage of apple (Malus domestica Borkh) orchards are grafted on vigorous or semi-vigorous rootstocks. The need to decrease the amount of labor involved and increase efficiency has motivated this study on the effect of reducing the height of cv. Ultra Red Gala/MM111 trees in a commercial orchard in the Maule Region of Chile. Apple trees were planted in 2003, and their tree heights were adjusted to 2.5, 3.0 and 3.6 m prior to blooming in 2006. The reduction of plant height from 3.6 m to 2.5 in determined a significant reduction in canopy volume (26% and 29% in 2007/2008 and 200812009, respectively), but no differences were detected in leaf area index (LAI) and the photosynthetic active radiation (PAR) transmitted through the canopy. However, a higher proportion of the canopies of the shorter trees had over 30% of incident PAR, the threshold for the production of good fruit quality and flower-bud differentiation. There were no differences in fruit production among plant heights, accumulating 131 tonnes ha(-1) in the three growing seasons. Over the three seasons, the shortest plants (2.5 m) required 19, 57 and 42% less labor time at harvest, respectively, than the plants maintained at a height of 3.6 m. There were no evident differences in fruit quality among the treatments: flesh firmness varied between 73.0 and 74.0 N, soluble solids between 11.6 and 12.6 degrees Brix, mean weight between 180 and 200 g. and the percentage of red coloring exceeded 59% of the Premium fruit in the three growing seasons. Our results suggest that it is possible to manage plants with reduced height on semi-vigorous rootstocks and thus reduce the time necessary for harvesting, without affecting fruit yield and quality. (C) 2011 Published by Elsevier B.V.|
|Description: ||Yuri, JA (Yuri, J. A.)1; Ibarra-Romero, M (Ibarra-Romero, M.)1; Vasquez, JL (Vasquez, J. L.)1; Lepe, V (Lepe, V.)1; Gonzalez-Talice, J (Gonzalez-Talice, J.)1; del Pozo, A (del Pozo, A.)2_____________________________1. Univ Talca, Ctr Pomaceas, Fac Ciencias Agr, Talca, Chile
2. Univ Talca, Dept Agr Prod, Fac Ciencias Agr, Talca, Chile|
|Appears in Collections:||Artículos en publicaciones ISI - Universidad de Talca|
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