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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dspace.utalca.cl/handle/1950/8971

Title: Spectral irradiance, gas exchange characteristics and leaf traits of Vaccinium corymbosum L. 'Elliott' grown under photo-selective nets
Authors: Lobos, G.A.
Retamales, J.B.
Hancock, J.F.
Fiore, J.A..
Cobo, N.
del Pozo, A.
Keywords: Chlorophyll
Leaf water content
Specific leaf area
Stomatal density
Canopy temperature
Highbush blueberry
Issue Date: 2012
Citation: ENVIRONMENTAL AND EXPERIMENTAL BOTANY Volume: 75 Pages: 142-149 DOI: 10.1016/j.envexpbot.2011.09.006
Abstract: This study analyzed the light quality and quantity under colored shading nets, together with their effects on physiological and morphological traits for Vaccinium corymbosum L. cv. Elliott. Different spectral ranges and shade intensities (25%, 50% and 75%) were produced using colored netting (black, red and white) along with a control (full sun). These were studied on mature northern highbush blueberry plants in two locations, Michigan-USA and Chillan-Chile. Results indicate that this blueberry variety growing under photo-selective nets acclimates strongly to the light environment and that a reduction of up to 50% in direct light improves overall plant photosynthetic characteristics and leaf traits. Light quality (net colors) had a weaker effect on photosynthetic performance than percentage of photosynthetic active range (%PAR). Large differences in irradiances were observed under nets; red ones reduced the visible spectrum and increased infrared wavelengths, whereas white nets reduced ultra violet radiation. Black nets had almost neutral effects on the whole spectrum. CO(2) assimilation rates, measured under nets in the USA, increased with %PAR, up to 50-60% in both growing seasons. Even though %PAR was significantly associated with stomatal density (r(2) = 0.67), stomatal conductance and xylem water potential showed little relationship with %PAR. Maximum PSII photochemical efficiency (F(v)/F(m)), total leaf chlorophyll content and total Chl/leaf N content ratio were negatively correlated (r(2) = 0.75) with %PAR. Leaf water content was negatively correlated with %PAR in USA (r(2) = 0.84), but not in Chile. Specific leaf area was negatively associated with %PAR (r(2) = 0.62 in USA and 0.55 in Chile). Canopy temperature increased with %PAR (r(2) = 0.72). (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Description: Lobos, GA (Lobos, Gustavo A.)1; Retamales, JB (Retamales, Jorge B.)1; Hancock, JF (Hancock, James F.)2; Fiore, JA (Fiore, James A.)2; Cobo, N (Cobo, Nicolas)1; del Pozo, A (del Pozo, Alejandro)1
URI: http://dspace.utalca.cl/handle/1950/8971
ISSN: 0098-8472
Appears in Collections:Artículos en publicaciones ISI - Universidad de Talca

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