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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dspace.utalca.cl/handle/1950/9127

Title: Fractions of aqueous and methanolic extracts from tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) present platelet antiaggregant activity
Authors: Fuentes, E.J.
Astudillo, L.A.
Gutierrez, M.I.
Contreras, S.O.
Bustamante, L.O.
Rubio, P.I.
Moore-Carrasco, R.
Alarcon, MA
Fuentes, JA
Gonzalez, D.E.
Palomo, I.F.
Keywords: cardiovascular disease
platelet antiaggregant activity
Issue Date: Mar-2012
Citation: BLOOD COAGULATION & FIBRINOLYSIS Volume: 23 Issue: 2 Pages: 109-117 DOI: 10.1097/MBC.0b013e32834d78dd Published: MAR 2012
Abstract: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. Its prevention emphasizes three aspects: not smoking, physical activity and a healthy diet. Recently, we screened the antithrombotic activity of a selected group of fruits and vegetables. Among them, tomato showed an important effect. The aim of this study was to evaluate and characterize the platelet antiaggregatory activity of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.). For this, we obtained aqueous and methanolic tomato extracts and evaluated the effect of pH (2 and 10) and temperature (22, 60 and 100 degrees C) on this activity. Furthermore, in order to isolate the antiaggregant principle, we separated tomato extracts into several fractions (A-D) by size exclusion chromatography. In addition, we evaluated the platelet antiaggregating activity ex vivo in Wistar rats. Aqueous and methanolic extracts of tomato treated at 22,60 and 100 degrees C and pH 2 and 10 still inhibited platelet aggregation (in vitro). Moreover, it was noted that one of the fractions (fraction C), from both aqueous and methanolic extracts, presented the highest activity (similar to 70% inhibition of platelet aggregation) and concentration dependently inhibited platelet aggregation significantly compared with control (P<0.05). These fractions did not contain lycopene but presented two peaks of absorption, at 210 and 261 nm, compatible with the presence of nucleosides. In rats treated with tomato macerates, a mild platelet antiaggregating effect ex vivo was observed. Further studies are required to identify the molecules with platelet antiaggregating activity and antiplatelet mechanisms of action. Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis 23:109-117 (C)2012 Wolters Kluwer Health vertical bar Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Description: Palomo, IF (reprint author), Univ Talca, Dept Bioquim & Inmunohematol Clin, Fac Ciencias Salud, PIFRECV, POB 747, Talca, Chile.
URI: http://dspace.utalca.cl/handle/1950/9127
ISSN: 0957-5235
Appears in Collections:Artículos en publicaciones ISI - Universidad de Talca

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